Day 2 :
Icahn School of Medicine, USA
Keynote: Mechanisms of neuroresilience to promote successful healthy cognitive and psychological aging across the lifespan
Time : 09:00-09:45
Giulio Maria Pasinetti is The Saunders Family Chair, a Professor of Neurology, Psychiatry, and Geriatrics and Adult Development and the Director of the Center for Molecular Integrative Neuroresilience (CMIN) at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (ISMMS) in New York, USA.
Recent evidence provides support for the novel roles of the gut-microbiome/brain axis in the prevention of mood and brain degenerative disorders. It has also been shown that recently developed brain bioavailable polyphenolic compounds may help to prevent stress-induced illnesses in mice. In this presentation, Dr. Pasinetti, will discuss how psychological stress may negatively influence the normal relationship between the body and the gut microbial community ultimately impairing brain synaptic functions. Most importantly, Dr. Pasinetti’s laboratory found that stress may disrupt the gut-microbiome/brain axis through mechanisms involving altered immune-inflammatory responses. This new evidence has important ramifications especially in view of the fact that human gut microbes are able to influence the bioavailability of brain penetrating polyphenolic acids, which engage in the brain limbic regions, which are involved in mood disorders and cognitive impairment. These findings pave the road to new studies to further develop microbiome and immunoregulation-based strategies to promote resilience against psychological stress-mediated mood disorders across the lifespan.
Hygieia Clinic, Canada
Time : 09:45-10:30
Ben Bao Qi Cao is currently working at Hygieia Clinic, College of Traditional Chinese Medicine Practitioners and Acupuncturists of British Columbia. He is the committee member of Canadian Alliance of Regulatory Bodies of Traditional Chinese Medicine; Vancouver, Canada His research interest includes Acupuncture, Traditional Chinese Medicine and Integrative medicine.
The research object of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and Conventional Modern Medicine (CMM) is the same, human body, their purpose is to help human to treat disease or injury and care health. However they are products in two different historical backgrounds. TCM is born before the development of modern science, while the CMM is the product of the birth of modern science. Therefore, from the basic theory to clinical practice, both are very different. They have the two different ways of thinking: TCM had to use a comparative comprehensive approach and CMM use the way of inductively analysis. The two have different views on the body, TCM is more focused on the course of the evolution of life and CMM is more focused on the outcome of the evolution of life. The two methods of research are completely different, TCM consider the unity of heaven and man as an organic whole from the macro point of view and pay attention to the interaction between the various parts of the body and the impact of nature on the body; CMM consider the body as a combination of parts using the analysis method from the micro of view, its research is deep and nuanced. The two methods of diagnosis are different. TCM is still used for inspection, auscultation and olfaction, interrogation, pulse diagnosis and body palpation. CMM more and more rely on advanced medical equipment. The treatment strategy is different, TCM is a balanced medicine, pays attention to the patient with diseases, at full steam improve the patient's own resistance to the disease, while trying to give way to the evil; CMM is against medicine, pays attention to the diseases of the patient, try to help patients eliminate the disease. The two treatment methods are different, TCM use compound Chinese medicine (formula) applying the theory of Monarch, Minister, Assistant and Guider in order to increase efficacy and less side effect. As long as the syndrome differentiation is accurate, the treatment’s reaction likes as rafter drum effect. CMM using pure chemical drugs whose structure is clear, the role of a single target, the effect is indeed. The both medicine like the two opposite polar region, but each has its own merits, is just complementary to each other. Our mission is to let the two to communicate first and then to open up the 21st century new integrate medicine.
Pinnacle of Health - Naturopathic Wellness Centre, Canada & SA
Time : 10:30-11:15
Faryal Luhar, ND is a licensed Naturopathic Doctor and graduated from the Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine in Toronto. She pursued this field of study after receiving her Bachelor’s degree in Psychology. She is a member of the Ontario Association of Naturopathic Doctors. Dr. Luhar is also registered to practice
Naturopathic Medicine in South Africa and is a member of the Allied Health Professions Council of South Africa, as well as the South African Naturopathic Association.
Microbes existed on earth long before humans. Single-celled bacteria living in or on the human body outnumber human cells; the American Academy of Microbiology putting human cells at 37 million, compared to 100 trillion cells of the microbiome. This co-existence between the human self and his/her intestinal microbiota is vital for optimal health; the extensive population and diversity of the microflora playing a crucial role in one's genetic expression, immune function, body weight and composition and even mental health. Ongoing research on the human microbiome reinforces the notion that humans live in symbiosis with a diverse microbial population; how this affects health and disease is an important question. The microbiome composition varies between healthy individuals and those afflicted with numerous diseases. A flurry of scientific research has implicated these microbes as having a significant role in digestive disorders as well as the development of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and even cancer. The role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of these diseases is well-recognized. Inflammatory markers and metabolic endotoxemia are increased in obesity, diabetes and insulin resistance, and cardiovascular disease and the gut is the primary point of entry for modifying these inflammatory states. The gut microbiota is being recognized as a separate endocrine organ capable of crosstalk with the host, thereby influencing health or disease. The human microbiome is now viewed to be a counterpart to the human genome. Important considerations in addressing dysbiosis to reduce or resolve the incidence of these diseases include toxic foods, overuse of antibiotics, environmental factors, pharmaceutical medications (PPIs, NSAIDs) and others. Developing a healthy gut flora begins with vaginal childbirth and breastfeeding. A healthy diet to reduce inflammation and oxidative stress, stress management and the use of probiotics are other essential factors that beneficially influence the internal ecology to improve health outcomes. The loss of microbial diversity is also linked to urbanized living and reconnecting with nature may play a significant role in health and disease outcomes.